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Journal of Parathyroid Disease 2018;6(2):39-41 doi: 10.15171/jpd.2018.15
Calcium and vitamin D supplements administration in patients with nephrolithiasis; an observational prospective study

Original

Marwan Ghazi Akel 1,2 * , Iqbal Mohamad Fahs 1

1 Lebanese International University, Department of Pharmacy practice, School of Pharmacy, Mouseitbah, Beirut, Lebanon.
2 Universite Paul Sabatier, Ecole Doctorale Mathématiques Informatique Télécommunications de Toulouse, Toulouse, France.


*Corresponding author: Marwan Akel,
Email: marwan.akel@liu.edu.lb


Abstract

Introduction: Calcium and vitamin D supplements intake have been linked to nephrolithiasis as around 80% of kidney stones contain calcium. However, studies regarding these supplements administration yielded conflicting data.

Objectives: In this study we aimed to assess calcium and vitamin D supplements intake and the presence of significant association with nephrolithiasis among Lebanese patients.

Patients and Methods: The study was conducted at nephrology clinics selected randomly from all Lebanese districts over a 3-month period. Data analysis was conducted with SPSS version 22.

Results: The mean age of the 550 studied participants was 42.12±15.59 years with 51.5% males and 48.5% females. Almost half of the participants had a history of kidney stones (53.8%). Calcium and vitamin D supplements were utilized by 19.6% and 18.2%, respectively. Calcium and vitamin D supplements intake were not associated significantly with history of kidney stones (calcium: 10.4% versus 9.3%, P = 0.446; vitamin D: 9.1% versus 9.1%, P = 0.231).

Conclusion: This study revealed that supplemental calcium and vitamin D intake among nephrolithiasis patients had no significant associations with history of kidney stones. Those patients, especially those taking calcium supplements should be counseled to monitor regularly their calcium levels to avoid hypercalciuria and consequent stone formation.



Notes

Please cite this paper as: Akel MG, Fahs IM. Calcium and vitamin D supplements administration in patients with nephrolithiasis; an observational prospective study. J Parathyr Dis. 2018;6(2):39-41. DOI: 10.15171/jpd.2018.15.

Copyright © 2018 The Author(s); Published by Nickan Research Institute. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Copyright © 2016 The Author(s)
Published by Nickan Research Institute